97% of large companies with over 5,000 employees use an EAP (Employee Assistance Program). Yet, the traditional EAPs have an average utilization rate of around 5.5%.
EAPs may seem like a mysterious program that most companies have, yet most employees never use. Do they help companies and their employees? And what is an EAP, and why is it important?
Read on to learn what an EAP is, the history of EAPs, and the deal with EAP utilization.
What the Purpose of an EAP?
Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) help employees cope with work and life stressors so they can perform at their best on the job. EAPs are a free benefit for employees, paid for by their employer. Typical services that EAPs provide include:
- employee counseling
- substance abuse support
- financial coaching
- life coaching
- personal training
EAPs are confidential by law. Thus, EAP usage does not affect employee evaluation.
EAPs at their best are an excellent resource for when employees are struggling with stress, anxiety, and other mental health issues.
The History of EAPs
EAPs were created as addiction assistance (i.e., alcohol and drug abuse) in the late 1930s. Alcohol-impaired worker incidents multiplied during this time.
EAPs served as a way to support employees experiencing alcoholism or substance abuse.
While EAP methods have improved over the years (the original EAPs were enacted as pledges to abstain from substances), they still have the same goals: improving employee productivity and focus by supporting employee mental health.
In the 1970s, the National Council of Alcoholism (NCA) helped start the EAP conversation and spread the program nationally. Over time, EAPs now address the needs of employees’ families. EAPs have broadened to assist with relationship, emotional, legal, and financial challenges.
EAP Providers Today
Modern EAPs have evolved to meet the changing needs of America’s workforce. Beyond their original purpose to help with alcohol and substance abuse, they now also serve as employee mental health assistance.
With half of adults suffering from a diagnosable mental illness at some point in their lives, the demand for mental health support has no signs of letting up. Today, mental health care costs the American economy more than heart disease.
Modern EAPs include wellness apps and virtual platforms that provide quick and easy access to care. More traditional EAPs require that employees access to care through an intermediary like HR or an EAP representative.
Events such as 9/11 have skyrocketed the demand for EAPs in America. Since 9/11—and, more recently, the pandemic—more and more employees report PTSD, anxiety, and depression.
We should not face these challenges alone. Social unrest, political turmoil, and economic uncertainty add more stressors to our personal lives.
With the rise in remote work, we spend less time genuinely connecting with other human beings. None of us can live life alone. Sometimes we need someone to step in and help us process and heal.
In addition to new world events, stressors at work are constantly rising. More Americans are burnt out and extremely stressed about work than ever before. 75% of employees have felt burnt out, yet 36% think their employer does nothing to address it.
A work culture that focuses on performance, competition, and perfection leads to poor work-life balance. Some even place their identity on their work. Many employees end up overworking. As a result, employee mental health suffers.
EAPs are more critical than ever. But a typical EAP with just 5.5% utilization won’t cut it.
The Problem with Traditional EAPs
Even with widespread EAP adoption, half of employees never seek the mental health support they need.
The stigma around mental health and barriers to care. These include obstacles like:
- Cost of mental health care
- Transportation issues
- Lack of therapist availability
- The belief that therapy will not help
- The stigma around counseling and mental illnesses
The best EAP providers tackle these issues.
Benefits of the Best EAPs
Employee assistance programs cover a wide range of services and address all sorts of issues. Here are some benefits the best EAP providers have:
- Direct access to counselors, life coaches, and other practitioners
- Counseling sessions as fast as the same day and available 24/7
- Mental and emotional care available at no cost to the employee
- Virtual and in-person treatment options
- Improved productivity of employees
- Help to maintain proper work/life balance
- Content on meditation, yoga, mindfulness, breathing, and other coping techniques
The best modern EAPs provide utilization rates around 20-30% or more.
What type of issues will an EAP counselor address?
- Substance abuse
- Occupational stress and anxiety
- Emotional distress and depression
- Major life events
- Nutrition and health coaching and concerns
- Financial concerns
- Relationship issues
There you have it—the gist on what an EAP is and why EAPs matter.
Still have unanswered questions about EAPs? Check out our article on EAP FAQs.
We are Nivati. And we are—you guessed it—an EAP provider!
We started out providing corporate massage services. We provide 24/7 virtual employee mental health care, from employee counseling to virtual yoga to financial coaching.
You can start your EAP search and implementation process by booking a time with one of our Employee Wellbeing Specialists today! We can help you choose the best programs or EAP for your business. We’d love for you to join us in our mission to provide accessible, transformative mental health support for all.